Be it for a new project or a property renovation, it’s important to know your obligations around disability parking. As a builder, developer, or architect, fulfilling your obligations isn’t just another box-ticking exercise. Rather, it’s an important part to ensure that everyone can easily and safely access and use the facilities.
Here’s what you need to know about how many disabled car parking spaces you need, what the minimum size is, and the products you’ need to use to meet your obligations.
How many disabled car parking spaces will I need?
The answer to this question will be determined by the class of building being constructed, and the number of patrons who will use the facilities.
Below are guidelines to determine the number of parking spaces required for the disabled. Note that building classes that don’t require parking places are not included:
- Class 1b: includes backpackers, hostels, residential parts of motels, etc. Multiply the total number of parking places by the percentage of accessible sole occupancy units or accessible bedrooms to the total number of bedrooms. Round up to the next whole number.
- Class 3, 5, 7, 8, 9c: includes boarding houses, accommodation for schools or workers in aged care facilities, offices in commercial buildings, car parks, laboratories, aged care buildings or buildings used for packing, production, and assembly requires 1 space for every 10 spaces.
- Class 6: includes shops, retail or other services or markets must have 1 space for every 50 car parking spaces under 1000 total, and 1 extra for every additional 100 spaces over 1000 spaces total
- Class 9a: hospital non-outpatient areas must have 1 space per 100 spaces. Outpatient areas with under 1000 total spaces must have 1 disabled car park per 50 spaces, and 1 additional space for every 100 spaces over 1000.
- Class 9b: Schools must have 1 disabled car park space per 100 spaces and other assembly buildings with under 1000 spaces total must include 1 space per 50 spaces, and 1 space per 100 spaces when over 1000 total.
Do you know your Disability Access Code building obligations? Get up to speed with our full article here.
What is the correct disabled car park space size?
Disabled parking spaces follow strict dimensions to ensure maximum safety of users. Here are the basics.
Carpark or angled parking:
- AS2890.6 Clause 3.2(a) states that an angled disabled car park space size is required to be 2400mm wide by 5400mm long.
Street or parallel parking:
- AS2890.6 Clause 2.2.2(a) states that a parallel disabled car park space size is required to be a minimum of 3200mm wide and 7800mm long.
All disabled car park spaces must be clearly delineated by unbroken lines 80 to 100mm wide, except where a straight kerb or wall serves that purpose instead. While accessible car parks must also have a minimum height clearance of 2200mm. That means it must be clear of potential obstructions such as overhead pipelines, garage doors, or storage compartments.
What is a shared space and do I need it?
All new disabled parking lots must allow for a shared space next to, or in between two disabled car parking spaces. This allows safe entry and exit from the side of the vehicle instead of out the back into oncoming traffic.
Here are some key requirements as set out in the Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 2890.6:
- In the case of angled parking spaces the shared area should be 2400mm wide and 5400mm long. Both spaces should be on the same level.
- In the case of parallel parking spaces the shared space must be a minimum of 1600mm wide and 7800mm long.
- A bollard at the height of 1300mm to ensure the shared space is kept free of obstructions.
- Clear, non-slip, yellow pavement markings are to cover the shared area.
Accessibility: surface gradients
Generally, any accessible parking place must be level with a gradient of no more than 1:40 in any direction. If the seal is bitumen or outdoors, the gradient is decreased to 1:33. This ensures safe and equitable wheelchair access to the vehicle from either side.
Kerb ramps are to be provided wherever necessary (AS2890.6 Clause 2.5) to allow for easy access to the premises or walkway. If a shared space is on the footpath there must be a kerb ramp for easy access. Ensuring you’re providing the correct accessways to buildings is key when designing or renovating a car park.
For premium heavy-duty rubber kerb ramps, contact Image Extra and talk to us about how you can meet your disability parking standards.
Get your signage right
Ensure all accessible car parks are effectively signed by including the necessary white accessibility symbol (wheelchair access symbol). As per AS 1428.1-2009, the symbol must be:
- between 800 and 1000mm high.
- pictured within a solid blue rectangle, and no one side more than 1200 mm in the centre of the space between 500mm and 600mm from its entry point.
Meet your strict visibility obligations
Ensuring the correct luminance standards is key to making disabled car parks as accessible as possible. Having the correct contrast between the car park surface is key to ensuring vision impaired persons are able to safely navigate and use the facilities. This can be done by ensuring:
- The shared area is effectively marked with yellow non-slip markings.
- All other ground markings are anti-slip.
- Effective contrast between the bollard and the yellow ground markings.
Accessibility across the board: other considerations
Disabled access parking is not just about ensuring the correct disabled car park space size, but also about making the surrounding car park design work for people of all ages and abilities.
For example, in ticketed parking:
Ensure that all machines and buttons are clearly marked and are easy to reach to make the entire parking process more dignified for people with mobility issues.
Signages, emergency exits, and proximity to ticketing machines and entry points are also considerations that allow for more equitable access for disabled persons.
Ensure full compliance
Get on top of your obligations and choose a company that knows and values the Australian Disability Access Codes. Image Extra doesn’t only champion the standards set out in the legislation. We’ll also work with you to ensure full compliance. Get in touch with our team to discuss how you can make your next project fully compliant.